Issue of May 14, 2017
Mt. Province

66th Courier Anniversary Issue
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Organic fertilizers improve coffee growth and revenue
by Chamanei C. Elias

IFUGAO KAPE --  Coffee is a top commodity in most provinces of the region, making it the One Town, One Product of the Cordillera. The Ifugao Kape Roasting and Packing Center in the Lagawe, Ifugao produces well-blended coffee products, a combination of Arabica beans from the neighboring province of Benguet and Robusta coffee beans, which is main variety available in Ifugao. -- Ofelia Empian


Coffee growers in the Cordillera are being encouraged to use organic fertilizers on seedling productions for better growth and sustained profit in the future.

This was underscored in the study conducted by Emilia Dayap and Von Amado of Benguet State University, who also established that the use of solid and liquid organic fertilizers improve the growth of Arabica coffee seedlings.

Their study also shows that formulated organic solid fertilizers (FOSF) and formulated organic liquid fertilizers (FOLF) improve the resistance of Arabic coffee seeds to pest and diseases, as well as improve the quality of the crop.

These two types of organic fertilizers are likewise cost efficient compared to the widely available commercial fertilizers.

FOSF can be produced using locally available materials such as coffee hull, alnus leaves, and pig manure while FOLF can be prepared out of compost tea using sunflower, calliandra, and coffee pulp substrates.

FOSF is mixed with soil in pots where Arabica coffee seedlings are planted while FOLF is sprayed every 15 days to the coffee seedlings as a supplementary fertilizer.

The study stated the use of organic fertilizers helps in sustaining soil moisture and promotes environment conservation and preservation.

Based on the study, more than 3,000 organically grown Arabica coffee seedlings can be produced for every 100 grams per pot of formulated organic solid fertilizers.

Coffee production in the Cordillera, the Department of Agriculture said, is a multi-million industry as the best Arabica coffee variety is grown in the hinterlands of the region.

In 2012, an estimate of 6,800 hectares in the Cordillera are planted with coffee varieties, especially Arabica and Robusta.

In terms of production that year, Kalinga contributed bulk of the production with 3,898 metric tons followed by Ifugao with a share of 1,061.35 metric tons then Benguet with 491.70 MT then Mountain Province with 155.35 MT.

In 2010, the High Value Commercial Crops of DA reported it is targeting some 40,000 hectares of land in the Cordillera to be planted with coffee plants until 2015 with projected P1 billion annual revenue once these plants produce coffee for commercial purposes.

In 2011, the country produced a total of 39.55 metric tons of coffee which is 4.3 percent lower than 41.35 MT output in 2010.

DA reported that since coffee was introduced in 1740, it remained one of the country’s leading export commodities and it remains a profitable venture with people from all walks of life drinking coffee.

Several years ago, DA reported that some 300,000 Filipinos depended on the coffee industry while an estimate of 25 million people worldwide earned their living from this economically important crop.

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PWU Baguio
Technical Education & Skills Development Authority – CAR
University of Baguio

Baguio Central University
Baguio Country Club
Benguet Electric Cooperative Inc.
Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources – CAR
Congressman Ronald M. Cosalan
Department of Health – CAR
John Hay Management Corporation
National Grid Corporation of the Philippines
New Media Services
Pag–IBIG Fund
Pines City Colleges
Sangguniang Panlungsod

Assumption Medical Diagnostic Center
Baguio Center Mall
Baguio Water District
Choobi Choobi
Congressman Mark O. Go
Councilor Leandro B. Yangot Jr.
Curamed Pharmacy
Department of Environment and Natural Resources – CAR
Department of Public Works and Highways – CAR
Department of Science and Technology
Fabulo Beauty and Image Salon
Far East Pacific Commercial
Filipino–Japanese Foundation of Northern Luzon, Inc.
Ganza & Solibao Restaurants
Gen. Benjie B. Magalong
GMS Technology
Governor Crescencio C. Pacalso
Mayor Mauricio G. Domogan
Mayor Romeo K. Salda
Mother Earth Deli Basket
Nagomi Spa
Narda’s / Sunflower Ridge
Northern Luzon School for the Visually Impaired, Inc.
Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Montessori, Inc.
Philex Mining Corporation
Police Regional Office – CAR
Regional Development Council – CAR and National Economic and Development Authority – CAR
Regional Tripartate Wages and Productivity Board – CAR
SN Aboitiz
Tony Boy Tabora
Veterans Bank

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