61st Courier Anniversary Issue
     
Supplements
Beautiful Baguio: Relax, enjoy, and have fun
Being a minority across time
Exotic and mystical Abra
Apayao:
Home of the Isnag Tribe
Benguet has it all
Ifugao, home to bountiful heritage
The Pride of Kalinga
The land called Mountain Province
Benguet farmers'
woes over vegetable prices
Festivals for peace and progress
in Mountain Province
Kalinga: A roadmap to progress
A Napulawan experience
Displaced binga folks:
Pesky footnote in Napoco's legacy?
A peek into Cordillera’s last nature frontier
A taste of Abra
Atty. Federico Muñoz Mandapat Sr.:
A story of a war and sports hero
61st Anniversary Cartoon
Kalinga: A roadmap to progress
by: Liza Agoot

From what used to be a purely agricultural province, Kalinga is blossoming into an industrial area with slow but sure progress.
This is evidenced by the uptrend in its economic acti-vity, which creates a domino effect on employment opportunities.

Earlier, Kalinga was known only for its tribal wars. Now, it has become a major source of what many people love to drink — coffee.

Kalinga’s coffee has made a name in the industry with the Kalinga Brew, Kalinga Blend, and the Mananig wild coffee. These are not only being sold in the locality, but have also become export materials.

Apart from the coffee is the Unoy rice, which the province is now exporting; the Kalinga weave and the Kalinga gold are some of the province's other sought-after products.

Nature remains to be the savior of Kalinga. Its natural resources, rich in metallic and non-metallic minerals, forest and water resources, and many other riches given by Mother Nature, bring about industrialization and tourism in the province.

Kalinga is believed to be derived from the Ibanag word “kali-nga” and the Gaddang word “kalinga,” both of which mean headhunters because the inhabitants of Cagayan and Isabela considered the Kalingas as enemies since they conducted head hunting attacks on Ibanag and Gaddang territory. The name may have also been acquired because of their practice of head-taking and tribal wars where the cultural practice of the bodong or peace pact has evolved to contain and govern the Kalingas' lives.

Kalinga lies on the central part of the Cordillera. It is landlocked and bounded in the north by the province of Apayao, Cagayan in the east, Abra in the west, and Mountain Province in the south.

The province has a total land area of 3,119.4 square kilometers which is 17 percent of the entire Cordillera’s land area. Pinukpuk is the biggest municipality in terms of land area at 694.1 square kilo-meters.

Tabuk (641.7), Balbalan (550), Tanudan (349.1), Lubuagan (329.5), Tinglayan (189.5), Pasil (188), and Rizal (177.5) comprise the rest of the province.

The National Statistics Office record shows that in 1980, the entire Kalinga province had a total population of 114,382 which increased to 137,074 in 1990. The population further increased to 154,145 in 1995.
By the year 2002, the population recorded was at 173,830.

Forty-one percent of the population can be found in the capital town of Tabuk. In the 1970s Poblacion, Lubuagan used to be the educational and commercial center, but due to peace and order problems, people started to migrate to Tabuk, which explains the present population boom there.

Agriculture, forestry, and fishery are the major sources of employment in the province as recorded in 1995. These are followed by services and trade while electricity, gas, and water industries record the least source of employment.

The most outstanding labor asset of the province is the participation of its women particularly in agriculture and fo-restry. The statement “Kalinga women are never idle,” cannot be truer as most of the women’s working hours are spent in the field and their customary rest days are spent weaving.

The agricultural production, particularly of rice and corn, has maintained a positive growth for the past years to the present.

This growth is attri-buted to the provision of appropriate infrastructure support, which is expected to continue to boost the agricultural production in the area.

Rice production is way high, recording more than 20 percent surplus as compared to the province’s consumption requirement for rice. This aptly earns the province the title of “Rice Granary of the Cordilleras.”

In terms of food sufficiency, the province is more than sufficient in most food items except for poultry, fish, and some vegetables, which are being augmented by the nearby provinces of Isabela and Cagayan.

Manufacturing, trading, and services establishments are centered in the urban communities of the province particularly within Tabuk, Rizal, Pinukpuk, and Balbalan. Tabuk has the greatest number of establishments among these areas.

Being the capital town and now a city, Tabuk is recognized for its economic growth. Most of the province’s development like basic infrastructure, banking institutions, and recreational facilities are concentrated in this urban center.

In the industry sector, the municipalities of Pinukpuk, Rizal, Balbalan, and Pasil are the next top placers of industry establishments, according to the records of the National Economic Development Authority.

Wholesaling is a major activity in these places, which owes to the strategic location of these establishments with respect to the nearby municipalities and provinces.

In 2002, the Department of Trade and Industry recorded a total of 95 industries ope-rating in the entire province, with 66 of these firms located in Tabuk City. These include 32 engaged in furniture ma-king, 12 in food processing industries, eight in metal craft, seven in basketry and house wares, four into loom weaving, and three jewelry making industries. Tabuk became the center of activity because of its accessibility to raw materials and market outlets and the availability of electricity. It is, however, expected that as the road conditions and communication and power facilities in the other municipalities improve, some of the resource-based industries will be located right where the raw materials are.

NSO revealed that in 1980, the province recorded a total of 66,000 employees which increased to 76,000 in 1990. In 2002, there were a total of 98,222 employees recorded in Kalinga.

Apart from the growth in employment opportunities, the province has likewise received an increase in investment from P32 million to P126 M. This growth was attributed to the increased business name registration on trade and services sectors, DTI financing programs and consultancy services, and partly from the increasing prices of goods and services.

With reference to the province’s resource endowments, the DTI has identified six priority industry clusters, which are: coffee processing; food processing; garments or loom weaving; basketry and gift making; house ware and furniture making; and jewelry making.

However, given the availability of raw materials and with the countryside development agenda of the national government, it is expected that more entrepreneurs from the municipalities will be encouraged to venture in va-rious other industries in the near future.

In terms of mineral resources, the province abounds with rich mineral deposits. The production remains limited due to the existence of only small-scale mining activities which are concentrated in the     municipalities of Pasil and Balbalan.  These activities are called “minahang bayan” by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Since the 1990s, these areas have been established as the major suppliers of gold, silver, and copper for the jewelry production activities of the province.

To realize the success of the priority industries, the DTI assessed the potential problems, results of which will serve as baseline information for prospective investors and for the concerned agencies for their intervention to help speed up the growth of the province’s industry sector.

To allow progress to further take its course, infrastructure developments have been planned for the entire province. Priority is being given to be able to accelerate the construction, improvement, repair, and maintenance of physical structures and facilities that would stimulate development and the flow of investments in the province.

Infrastructure includes transportation, road network, communications, water supply and irrigation, power and electrification, and social infrastructures like school buildings, health facilities, flood control, sewerage, and sanitation.

In terms of power, the province has an abundance of potential sources, but many are yet to be tapped. At present, there are run-off micro, small, and mini hydro power plants in Balbalan, Lubuagan, Pasil, Tanudan, and Pinukpuk.

Solar power is also a source of electricity in some parts of the municipalities, providing electricity for industry operation as well as household consumption.

Tourism, which is another source of income for the province, has also recorded a tremendous increase from a low tourist count of 11,000 in 1999 to 16,853 in 2003. Based on the Department of Tourism computation, a tourist is pegged an average of P2,500 daily expenditure with an a-verage stay of 2.5 days. Translated to economics, this means increase in the income of establishments in the area, which is also revenue for the local governments.

At present, the major tou-rist attraction in the province is the white water rafting in the historic Chico River.

In Tinglayan, the sight of the famous Sleeping Beauty mountain will capture one’s heart. The municipality was planned to become a tourism destination with its beautiful spots garbed with the flight of rice terraces carved on the mountainsides as well as the unique beauty of cascading waterfalls.

Legend states that when Kabunyan was hunting at the Tanudan mountain range, he could not hear the barking of his hunting dogs because of the deafening tweet songs and calls of birds, so the  angry Kabunyan shouted to the birds to be quiet. Today, Tanudan’s Binaratan Mountain is known throughout the world for its being the place where birds are silent.

Rizal is a melting pot of Kalingas, Ilocanos, Tagalogs, and Ibanags. The mixture of these groups of people including their traditions, customs, and culture developed them as law-abiding, adaptable, industrious, hospitable, and self-reliant people.

Pinukpuk is blessed with nature’s climate. Its geographic terrain is featured with forested mountains and fertile valleys for agricultural development.

The municipality of Pasil has the biggest deposit of gold, copper, silver, and other minerals in the entire province. It has a very large volume of sulfur deposits and hot springs because of an extinct volcano, which continuously emits black smoke. Pasil looks forward to becoming a better place with the development of the Batong Buhay gold mines.

Lubuagan is Kalinga’s erstwhile commercial and cultural hub.

The municipality of Balbalan has waterfalls and live streams running along the steep mountains and a cool climate perfect for relaxation.

First time visitors of Tabuk are in for a surprise because contrary to the notion that it is mountainous, its heart is located in a valley. Tabuk City’s location is comprised of three areas with the residents calling them first, second, and third plateaus. The valley, where the population center is located, is like the bottom of a rice bowl ringed with hills that provide protection from typhoons.

While Tabuk City remains as an agricultural area, industrial establishments are coming into the picture, where the agricultural products are being processed for higher quality and value as well as for additional job opportunities for the locals.

With all the resources of nature that abound in this province, Kalinga is a lion soon to wake up to make a deafening roar.

 
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