July 23, 2024

Healthier rice, including Golden Rice, is a good complementary source of nutrition.

Dr. Marissa Romero, food scientist based in the Department of Agriculture-Philippine Rice Research Institute, said rice comprises almost 40 percent of the Filipino daily diet.

With the prominence of rice in the Filipino diet, its potential role in improving nutrition and health is a dynamic area of research at DA-PhilRice as part of its mandate to develop safe and nutritious rice for all Filipinos. Under the Healthier Rice Project, DA-PhilRice is developing rice varieties including Golden Rice to provide better access to good nutrition.

Golden Rice is a new type of rice that contains beta-carotene, a source of vitamin A.

It can provide 30 to 50 percent of the estimated average requirement for vitamin A among young children and pregnant or lactating mothers, contributing to the nutritional needs of the first 1,000 days of life.

“The first 1,000 days are viewed as the building blocks of a healthy and productive life. Not getting enough nutrition at this stage will have lasting effects on future productivity and quality of life,” Romero said.

According to the National Nutrition Council, “the first 1,000 days is said to be the “golden window of opportunity” for a comprehensive package of nutrition and related interventions to achieve significant reduction in under and overnutrition while contributing to optimal child development.”

Recognizing the importance of nutrition at this critical stage, NNC has elected to focus its advocacy efforts for this year’s National Nutrition Month on the theme, “Malnutrisyon patuloy na labanan, first 1,000 days tutukan.”

In the Philippines, studies show the nutritional status of children under five has improved over the years, but at a pace too slow to meet development goals at the national and international level.

Data from the 2019 expanded national nutrition survey of the DOST-FNRI show three out of 10 children are stunted or too small for their age, while two out of 10 are underweight. One out of 10 also suffers from anemia.

Data further show micronutrient deficiencies are higher among children diagnosed with Vit. A deficiency, mostly belonging in poor households.

In 2019, six out of 10 households reported experiencing food insecurity, and numbers are expected to rise following the Covid-19 pandemic.

“Most Filipino households spend almost a third of daily food cost on rice, and rely on this staple as a major source of energy requirements. Because rice is widely grown and eaten, improving its nutrient content can be an effective means of delivering much needed nutrients,” she said.

Golden Rice is awaiting the biosafety permit application for its commercial propagation before the DA-PhilRice can deploy it through market-based and programmatic approaches, such as feeding program, in areas with high rates of malnutrition, especially Vit. A deficiency.

It is one of the products under the Healthier Rice Project of DA-PhilRice. Other products in the pipeline are high iron and high zinc rice.

Also in the works is a 3-in-1 rice that contains essential micronutrients, such as Vit. A, zinc, and iron. – Press release