June 14, 2024

As part of the effort of the Department of Agriculture-CAR to conserve and protect heirloom rice landraces in the Cordillera, communities were assisted in the registration of 22 heirloom rice variants (with eight unique names) as traditional crops of the communities to the Bureau of Plant Industry through its National Seed Industry Council-Plant Variety Protection Office.
In April this year, the municipalities of Lubuagan, Kalinga applied for the registration of chumalingan, suggo, and ulikan red; Kibungan, Benguet for bongkitan, kabal, lablabi, and lasbakan; while Hungduan, Ifugao applied for the registration of minaangan.
The 22 heirloom rice variants are from the 88 heirloom rice variants collected and characterized during the first phase of the Heirloom Rice Project.
The local government units of concerned municipalities in Kalinga, Ifugao, Benguet, and Mountain Province are still in the process of applying for the 66 remaining heirloom rice variants.
Meanwhile, rice farmers have identified 624 existing heirloom rice landraces in the 15 barangays in the four provinces covered by the Heirloom Rice Project phase 2. From these landraces, farmers identified 122 landraces that are near extinction since these are cultivated in small areas by few farmers.
In partnership with the International Rice Research Institute (IRR), the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice), and concerned LGUs, the Department of Agriculture seeks to expand heirloom rice collection, conservation, and characterization efforts since there are only 320 landraces collected. This is also to prevent extinction since there are already identified extinct landraces.
On-site and off-site conservation is also being done at the DA-Research Division and at the IRRI and PhilRice gene banks.
This effort of DA-CAR is to contribute towards the conservation, preservation, and development of plant genetic resources as stated in Republic Act 7308 also known as the Seed Industry Development Act of 1992.
Farmers and the LGUs expressed their gratitude to this effort. “Salamat ta ma-conserve dagiti pagpagay tayo tano saan da nga mapukaw,” said an LGU staff during the heirloom rices collection activities.
“Agyaman kami ta dagiti pagay nga naawan kadakami ket adda pay gayam kadagiti mannalon idiay dadduma nga barangay,” the farmers said.
DA-CAR continues to encourage the LGUs to submit applications of the remaining unregistered heirloom rice landraces. – Sherry Antonio